M D Nalapat:
Politics of violence
There are different strands to the movement. Many sections are functioning quite openly. Some take to violence. You also have those who use it as a business. So it is a fractionated movement. Not one unified movement.
There are some common characteristics however which reflects the different facets of Mao.
One is the Mao of the cultural revolution, where it is a challenge to authority. Mao even called for bombarding their own headquarters. Thus this is the militant aspect.
Second is the anti-feudal stance . People are landless and labourers have few rights like they have other issues like women, or minorities etc. But their demand is not based on the Constitution, nor are they hoping ot change things through the electoral process. They very clearly state that the system does not work, and the constitution is ineffective, and the political system will not deliver justice to us.
The third strand, and Ranade has highlighted this, and that they are definitely against development - preventing mining, setting up of modern industry , preventing roads and highways. And if any infrastructure like schools and hospitals come, they should very quickly come under the control of these groups or they will just not be allowed to operate in these areas unless taxes are collected.